Dysarthria is the most common type of speech problem in people with multiple sclerosis. It's due to damage from multiple sclerosis to parts of the brain that control the muscles involved in speech. As a result, these muscles don't work as well. Dysarthria is a speech disorder that can occur in multiple sclerosis. It is caused by the weakness or lack of coordination of the muscles used when talking.
Most people with multiple sclerosis have a combination of spastic and ataxic dysarthria. The Multiple Sclerosis Foundation (MSF) encourages people who have trouble speaking to see their neurologist. Mild dysarthria is very prevalent in multiple sclerosis and has a significant impact on quality of life. Objective speech evaluations show high classification accuracy between early MS and the absence of MS in experimental cohorts.
Slow, imprecise, and monotonous speech is common in people with multiple sclerosis and may be associated with other neurological deficits. The opinions expressed in this column are not those of Multiple Sclerosis News Today or its parent company, BioNews Services, and its purpose is to provoke debate on issues related to multiple sclerosis. Auditory perceptual analysis (APA) (20, 2) is currently the reference standard in the evaluation of dysarthria. Dysarthria has to do with the mechanics of speech, while problems with the tip of the tongue (although they are undoubtedly part of life with multiple sclerosis) are more related to memory and executive function.
Scanning speech and other symptoms of dysarthria don't cause physical pain, but they can cause anxiety, frustration, and lack of self-confidence. One factor that has not yet been analyzed and described in the literature on dysarthria in people with multiple sclerosis is resonance imaging. The progression of dysarthria parallels the progression of the neurological landscape of the disease, although this relationship is not conclusive. Few attempts have been made to use the grade and type of multiple sclerosis (MS) dysarthria in neurological evaluation.
As for auditory-perceptive speech analysis (APA), 72.60% (n 3%) of 5% of MS patients were diagnosed with dysarthria. In conclusion, the establishment and analysis of a high-quality database on articulation errors associated with dysarthria will benefit clinical treatments and contribute to the creation of automatic diagnostic tools that can be implemented in clinical telehealth services. One of them is dysarthria, a motor disorder that makes it difficult to control the muscles used to speak, including (or those affecting) the lips, tongue, jaw, soft palate, vocal cords, and diaphragm. The studies also explored I) predictive models for the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis and ataxia using speech variables, II) the relationship between dysarthria and cognition, and III) very few studies correlated neuroimaging with dysarthria.
From a neurological point of view, dysarthria refers to speech abnormalities caused by nerve damage in the areas that are usually responsible for vocalization. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, debilitating disease characterized by demyelination of the nerves of the central nervous system, causing patients to progressively lose the ability to perform daily tasks.